Swimming is an extremely healthy sport. The floating effect of water helps to lift the body, reducing the risk of injury.
In addition, swimming is also a great hydrotherapy method for patients with bone and joint problems. Many people think that swimming is very safe due to the low injury rate. However, swimming injuries are very common and are common in parts of the body such as the shoulders, hips, knees and back.
Injury to the shoulder while swimming
The shoulder is the most susceptible to swimming injury. This is because swimming moves require a lot of movement in the shoulder. Swimming hand blows often require one-way activities and no reverse exercises. Thus, long-term deflection in muscle groups leads to injury.
A tendon supraspinatus is also very susceptible to swimming injuries. This is a small muscle that runs from the tip of the shoulder blade to the tip of the arm. Improper swimming can also lead to inflammation in this muscle.
Injury to the spine
In fact, many swimmers suffer from back pain. Several scientific studies have shown that disc degeneration or misalignment occurs in frequent swimmers such as athletes. The most common diseases in them are degenerative disc degeneration of the last vertebra and first cervical vertebrae.
The cause of this situation can be due to improper swimming techniques. Many swimmers have their chest raised above the allowable level, leading to overactive low back muscles. This leads to higher pressure on the spine.
Besides, some swimmers are also breathing improperly. They often raise their heads too high and breathe forward. Hence increases the impact on the backbone. To overcome this, it is necessary to gently turn the head to one side while breathing and do not lift the head too high out of the water.
In addition, swings and turns while swimming can also cause spinal curvatures. In the long term, it can cause quite dangerous trauma to the spine area. If possible, bring the knee to the chest and minimize the curl of the spine when turning and turning.
Injury to the hip while swimming
Scientists have studied that groin injuries are the most common of those swimming hip injuries. In fact, there are many frog swimmers who are unable to continue swimming due to groin and hip injuries.
Risk factors for hip injury while swimming are water repulsion movements. Spanking kicks increase your risk of knee and hip injuries. Therefore, the practitioner needs to seriously follow the right technique and regularly change the swimming style to minimize injury in this area.
Injury to the knee
Another common injury while swimming is knee pain. When you step on your foot to fan the water, you can apply considerable force to the muscles and joints around the knee. However, the main cause of knee pain is irritation of the kneecap.
Risk factors for knee injury are due to incorrect technique in swimming frog. The swimmer kicks his leg too wide leading to the affected knee. Also, the pain in the front of the knee can be caused by the swimmer flexing the knee excessively while doing the frog swimming technique.