Bird Foods

Healthy Bird, PO Box 225, Willaston.  S.A.  5118
Ph. 04 1984 9192        ABN 54 112 618 417

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BIRD FOODS

Wombaroo and Passwell manufacture a wide range of bird foods.  These include:

Egg & Biscuit
 
Finch Soft Food
 
Parrot Pellets
 
Parrot Hand Rearing Food
 
Insectivore Rearing Mix

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Budgie Starter
 
Complete Lorikeet
 
Crumbles for Finches and Quail
 
Lorikeet and Honeyeater Food
 
Granivore Rearing Mix

USING PASSWELL BIRD FOODS

Egg & Biscuit, Budgie Starter and Finch Soft Food are granular powders. They are prepared by adding sufficient warm water to the powder and mixing to a moist, crumbly consistency. Prepare fresh food for each feeding session. Introduce the food in small quantities until the product is accepted. Fussy birds can be enticed by mixing small amounts of soaked seed, meal worms or other treat with the food. Always keep utensils clean and offer fresh water daily.

Complete Lorikeet or Parrot Pellets may be fed ad lib however it is better to establish your birdís daily food requirements. Birds in small cages tend to over eat so it is desirable to monitor their food intake and body weight. Try to offer a variety of fruit, vegetables and natural foods such as seeding grasses and native blossom. Ensure that fresh water is always available.

WOMBAROO BIRD FOODS

Birds eat a diversity of food including small mammals, reptiles, other birds, fish, insects, insect secretions, plants, plant secretions, pollen and seeds. These foods present a spectrum of nutrient compositions that can not be represented in a single substitute food.

Birds can be broadly divided into two groups based upon their requirement for either carbohydrate or protein as the main source of energy.

BIRDS THAT USE CARBOHYDRATE AS THE MAJOR ENERGY SOURCE

Birds in this group get most of their energy from dietary carbohydrate. This carbohydrate may occur as large, complex, sugar molecules such as those found in seeds or insect secretions, or as simple sugars like those in nectar and fruit. These birds may be granivorous, nectivorous or omnivorous and eat seeds, nectar, pollen, lerp, honeydew, fruit and insects. This group includes parrots, lorikeets, honeyeaters, finches, pigeons, doves, silvereyes and pardalotes.

GRANIVORE REARING MIX

A complete diet in powder form that can be mixed with different amounts of water to produce a food varying in consistency from a soft putty to a pourable slurry. The prepared food may be fed through a syringe and tube, from a spoon or as small pellets. The powder may also be mixed with mashed fruit or egg and fed as a supplement to wild or captive birds.

LORIKEET & HONEYEATER FOOD

A powder that forms a stable suspension when mixed with water and is a balanced maintenance food for lorikeets and honeyeaters. The food is made by adding 300g of powder to 500ml of warm water, mixing well then making up to 1litre with water. Prepared food may be stored frozen.

BIRDS THAT USE PROTEIN AS A MAJOR ENERGY SOURCE

These birds get much of their energy from dietary protein by converting the carbon skeletons of amino acid metabolism into glucose (Gluconeogenesis). They are usually carnivorous or insectivorous with a diet consisting mainly of whole animals. This group includes raptors, sea birds, waders, kingfishers, magpies, currawongs and flycatchers.

INSECTIVORE REARING MIX

A complete diet in powder form that can be mixed with different amounts of water to produce a food varying in consistency from a soft putty to a pourable slurry. The prepared food may be fed through an oesophageal tube, from a spoon or as small pellets. The powder may also be mixed with mashed hard boiled egg, coarse ground minced meat or fish and fed as a supplement to wild or captive birds.

It is inappropriate here to discuss detailed management techniques associated with rearing birds so the novice is directed to those veterinarians and organisations that specialise in bird care.

THE ABOVE 3 FOODS ARE COMPLETE DIETS.
DO NOT USE ADDITIVES.
MIX ACCORDING TO DIRECTIONS.

FEEDING FEATHER COLOUR PROMOTERS

All Wombaroo bird foods contain levels of colour promoters that should maintain feather colour in most birds. However the requirement for these substances is not necessarily the same for all species and some birds could become prone to loss of feather colour with time. If colour loss occurs then supplement each kg of prepared food with either 2 egg yolks or 50ml of a slurry made from equal proportions of carrot, corn kernels and a green leaf vegetable. Canthaxanthin, xanthophyll and b-carotene can also be added to bird food mixes as an alternative, however these substances are expensive and need very sensitive scales to weigh the small amounts required. Suggested feed rates for canthaxanthin and xanthophyll are respectively 40mg and 20mg per kg of feed (dry basis). b-carotene has vitamin A activity that will become additive to the Vitamin A already in the substitute food. Do not feed b-carotene above 1mg per kg of feed (dry basis).

FEEDING INSECTS

Birds that eat mature insects, such as flies, moths and beetles, should not be fed large numbers of immature insects like caterpillars, grubs and pupae. On a dry weight basis the composition of mature insects is about 65% protein, 10% fat and 20% carbohydrate. The protein contains all essential amino acids and the fat is highly unsaturated. Captive birds are commonly fed the larval stage of insects such as meal worms and fly pupae. These are not good food substitutes for birds that eat mature insects. Larval stage insects can contain up to 40% fat which can significantly dilute the ratio of nutrients to energy in the diet.

Always attempt to feed the types of food that your birds would eat in the wild.

ADULT BODY WEIGHTS OF SOME COMMON BIRD SPECIES

HONEYEATERS

Scarlet 8 to 10g

Eastern Spinebill 11 to 15g

Yellow-faced 15 to 20g

White-cheeked 18 to 22g

Crescent 20 to 25g

New Holland 20 to 25g

White-plumed 20 to 25g

Noisy Miner 60 to 70g

Little Wattle Bird 80 to 95g

Red Wattle Bird 105 to 125g

PARROTS

Red-rumped 55 to 70g

Cockatiel 85 to 95g

Eastern Rosella 100 to 120g

Crimson Rosella 130 to 180g

King 200 to 250g

Gang-gang 250 to 350g

Galah 300 to 380g

Sulphur-crest 650 to 800g

  OTHERS

Thornbills 6 to 7g

Pardalotes 7 to 9g

Fairy-wrens 7 to 9g

Silvereyes & Fantails 9 to 13g

Scarlet Robin 12 to 15g

Eastern Yellow Robin 18 to 25g

Golden Whistler 20 to 30g

Wood Swallows 30 to 40g

Whip Birds 50 to 60g

Magpie Lark 85 to 100

Black-faced Cuckoo Shrike 120 to 140g

Kookaburra 300 to 350g

Magpie 300 to 380g

LORIKEETS

Little 40 to 50g

Purple-crowned 45 to 55g

Musk 70 to 80g

Scaly-breasted 75 to 90g

Rainbow 125 to 150g

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